unario iiisiuncai Kocieiy
by = the = Sea
OJiMo Historjcal Society
F all countries bordering on the Atlantic coast of the Ameri-
can continent, there is none more grandly favored by nature
than the Canadian Province of New Brunswick, whose
picturesque shores possess a wonderful charm and attractive-
ness ; and in no portion of this magnificent summer domain
is there a more delightful spot than St. Andrews-by-the-Sea,
where ideal conditions exist in beauty of environment,
salubrity of climate and healthfulness of locality. With pure ^^alt sea air, the
life-giving breath of the pine, wondrous scenic splendor, and every facility for
the comfortable housing of visitors — it is an incomparable resting-place and
retreat from the cares of business and the heat and dusi of the city.
A Delightful Spot
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is located on the south-west corner of New
Brunswick, where the St. Croix river, dividing British territory from the State
of Maine, pours its flood into Passamaquoddy Bay — a long stretch of water
completely sheltered from the storms and fogs of the Atlantic by a barrier of
islands, great and small. On a long peninsula reaching far into the Bay stands
the little village which once had great aspirations to commercial importance,
but is now happily content with the prestige and supremacy it has attained as
.1 charming summering-placc, possessing all those rari- attractions which induce
gratified visitors to gladly return with every recurring heated term. The site of
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea bears the same relation to the bay and river that
Newport News does to the waters of Hampton Roads and the James. The
land gently rises from the shore until at a distance of 2,000 feet from high
water mark an altitude of 125 feet is attained ; yet so evenly terraced are the
slopes that the ascent is scarcely realized until the summit is reached. This is
Fort Hill, the outlook from whose crest ranks with those whirh give fame
to the most noted beauty spots of both the Old World and the New.
A 'Bit of History
The glamor of historic association envelops the entire region. It was here
that in the summer of 1604
the adventurous Sieur des
Monts, piloted by Samuel
Champlain, whose name
and fame as an explorer
are so intimately connect-
ed with the discoveries of
the northern half of the
continent, came from Old
France with a patent
royal of all the territory
in America between the
40th and 46th degrees of
north latitude. This first
expedition to these waterr
crossed the Bay of Fundy
and ascended the Schoodic
(now St. Croix) river to
a small island three miles above the present site of St. Andrews, which lie
fortified against the forays of the wily redskins who then peopled the land.
This is the Docie's Island of to-day, but during the long-disputed boundary
question between the United States and the dependencies of Great Britain in
America, it was called Neutral Island from the fact that it was neutral gmund
and enjoyed all the rights and privileges of No Man's Land. Nearly two
centuries later a number of U. E. Loyalists, on the establishment of the
Independence of the United States, came across the border and sett' 1 at
St. Andrews, and there are houses now standing in the town whose frames
were brought from Castine. Maine, and set ud anew here, while in the
COAST OF MAINE, AS SEEN FROM ST. ANDREWS
Episcopal Church is displayed the royal coat-of-arms brought by the staunch
Loyalists from Wallingford, Connecticut, in their flight. Later, St. Andrews
was a garrisoned town, and old Fort Tipperary and the Block House, still
retaining part of their ancient glory in the obsolete guns behind the grass-
grown redoubts and earthworks, are quaint reminders of the ancient means of
defence of this border-town ; but to-day they only serve to recall the fact that
this peacefal retreat has been the theatre of stirring events during the past
As a Health Resort
Apart from its many attractive scenic and other features, St.
Andrews-by-the-Sea can truthfully be said to be noted for its
health-giving climate. The mean daily temperature is 68° during
the entire heated term, and the charts show that the belt denoting
the driest atmosphere passes through Passamaquoddy Bay. Fog
at St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is practically unknown. Here fever,
epidemic and malarial disorders are absolute strangers. The peculiar
formation of the soil allows no surface water to remain, the sand-
stone underlying providing a natural filter through which the water
passes, taking with it all <'oposits on the surface, and the tides,
twice a day, rising and falling twenty to thirty feet, carry all waste
far from shore. Flies and mosquitoes and other insect pests are
The town itself is quiet and peaceful, and many of its quaint,
old-fashioned streets and by-ways are embowered in trees, making
fragrant, shady resting-places for those whose only glimpse of
nature during the greater part of the year is caught in the small
artificial city parks, within reach of the cares and worries of busi-
ness. Surrounded on three sides by the sea, one sees in all
directions an encircling line of coast, while higher up toward the
Chamcook Mountains, the eye is charmed by the view seaward.
Roses and hawthorn hedges, and every other variety of bright-
h u e d flowers,
meet the eye
and charm the
senses in all
. ;3!P V-:s!t4Si?W«"f i j^lJSWK^^iC
A Paradise of
But not alone as a health
resort and resting-place is St.
The water trips among or in
the neighborhood of the islands
THE BLOCK-HOUSE, BUILT l8l2, ST. ANDREWS
of the Coast ; the heating and sailing and fishing in Ihcir waters; the adapta-
bility of the heaches for sea bathing; the countless diversions of riding, driving,
wheeling ind tramping and exploring on the shores ; the camping parties and
improvised "settlements'' and outings for dulse; the opportunities for golf and
other pastimes — these all combine to make this a perfect paradise of summer
As one writer puts it : "The old place has been a sort of Sleeping Heauty of
the seaside for generations. It was marked and admired long before it was dreamtd
of as a possible summer-resort, and always has had a certain i)atronage of pleasure
seekers, even in times when summer excursions, trips or var-^tions had little or no
place or j^art in the life of any class."
Around and About St. Andrel:i)s
Out from St. Andrews-b) -the-Sea in all directions are perfec'ly con-
structed roads, forest-lined and shaded, reaching sheltered spots hy ocean and
inland lake. The roads are graded through red sandstone, and there is no
mud or dust to annoy or interfere with the pleasure of the drive. The
favorite drives are to Chamcook mountains and lakes ; the shore road border-
ing the river; the Bar road to Mowatt's ^.rove, and at low water across the
bar to Minister's Island, the drive to which presents the novelty once
experienced by the Children of Israel— that of going through a passage in the
sea which had fallen back on either side. This drive takes
one through the bed of the ccean twenty feet below sea- level
at high water. There is the drive through the Cedars past the
golf links to Joe's Point, beyond which is Smugglers' Cove, a
noted hiding-place of those having utter disregard for customs
laws and coastguards in past and gone days. Another drive
is around Indian Point, at the extreme end of the peninsula,
where from the boulevard at the water's edge a sea-view embrac-
ing the entire bay is commanded. At the Point is erected a
Marine Biological Station, an experimental and scientific labora-
tory, where the technical features of fish life are investigated.
The station is controlled by the British Association of Science, is
financially and otherwise aided by the Dominion Government, and
attracts distinguished scientists from the United States and other
countries. Delightful excursions, too, can be made either by land
or water to St. Stephen, N.B. , and Calais, Maine, up the St.
Croix ; to St. George, crossing (if the excursion be made by land)
the Bocabec and Digdequash rivers — two famous trout streams —
where are the Magaguadavic (pronounced Maggie Davey) Falls,
a cascade of remarkable beauty ; and to many othe*" interesting
points in the locality.
To visit the summit of Chamcook, the horses are left at the
base and the ascent accomplished on foot, with a taste of Alpine
excitement, although the climb is a perfectly safe one. The altitude
of the crest is one thousand feet above the sea, and as tidewater
washes its very base, the view from its heights may be far grander
than if multiplied five times over, a hundred miles inland.
The good roads rob bicycling of all its discomforts. Visitors
are advised to bring their own wheels, which, if from the United
vStates, can be entered free of duty by presenting their L. A. W.
certificates at the custom house.
ST. AINDREWS = BY-THE-S1
►EA, NEW BRUINSWICK
TENNIS COURT, ST. ANDREWS
Fishing and Shooting
The region provides splendid opportunities for those who are fond of fishing
For sea-fishing, excellent craft — from the sloop-rigged "pinkie" to the
schooner — with experienced skippers, can be procured in the harbor. Cod,
haddock and pollock can be caught in large quantities, and to those who have
ever indulged in the sport of deep sea fishing, nothing need be said concerning
the excitement and pleasure of it. The expense of such a fishing trip, including
the skipper, with his boat, lines, bait and provisions, will be from three to five
dollars per day, which amount is usually divided among four. In the inland
lakes and rivers in the vicinity of St. Andrews-by-the-vSea the fishing is
excellent. The fisherman can go to nearly all the best lakes and streams in the
morning, returning in the evening. In the lakes, during June, land-locked
salmon and lake trout may be readily taken with the fly. In July, August and
September, in deep water, the same fish may be taken with live bait, or by
trolling. In the smaller lakes, higher up, quantities of trout, weighing from a
quarter of a pound to a i)ound, may be taken with fly, worm or live bait. All
the streams abound in the smaller but equally delicious species of trout.
The small boy — and the bigger one, too— tinds great fun in fishing for
tommy cod and smelts off the wharves, and the operation of j.eining the weirs
after sardines have been impounded is very interesting to strangers.
The man with the gun also finds, in season, excellent opportunities for
sport. There are red deer, fox, rabbit, partridge, duck and snipe in i)lenty,
and generally good shooting is found within easy distance of the town.
One of the great attractions of St. Andrews- by-the-Sea is its golf links,
which lure enthusiasts from distant points. The course of the Algontjuin (iolf
Club — an organization of 125 members, many of whom are residents of the
United States — is located upon turf land, wholly within one enclosure of 120
acres, overlooking the water
from every point. The
"teeing" grounds and **put-
ing" greens are in con-
formity with the latest re-
quirements, while the
natural antl artificial haz-
ards are such as test the
skill of veteran golfers.
The length of the course
is about 2,800
yards, 9 holes.
tial prizes for
lady and gen-
ers, are fre-
quently held during the season. A membership fee of $5 permits
the use of the links and club house during the season.
THE GOLF CLUB HOUSE, ST. ANDREWS
Yachting and boating
No grander yachting waters in the world than those of Passa-
maquoddy Bay can be found. There is an absolute freedom from
sudden squalls or storms, which renders them perfectly safe, so
that inexperienced persons may venture out without danger. The
Bay is annually visited by yachting parties from New York,
Boston, and other Atlantic coast cities.
Homes for Summer ^sitors
St. Andrews-by-the-Sea is adequately supplied v.ith hotels and
other places, where visitors can make their homes during the
summer months. The principal hotel is the Algonquin, a large,
four-storied structure, charmingly situated on Fort Hill, which over-
looks the town. The Algonquin (which opens June 30th) is replete
with every convenience and every luxury that could be suggested.
From its broad piazzas, forming a matchless promenade about
three sides of the hotel, may be had unobstructed views of
one of the most glorious panoramas that ever spread before human
gaze. The spacious dining halls and parlors, ladies' reception
rooms, and smoking and writing rooms, are all advantageously
located, and the sleeping apartments, which are single or en suite
As may he desired, are large, airy and elegantly furnished. The hoicl is
suj)plied with baths, elevator, electric bells, oi)en fire places, etc., and an
orchestra from the Boston Conservatory of Music is engaged during the season.
Above the hotel roof extends an observatory affording views from a height
second only to those of Chamcook Mountain. The Algoncjuin's charming
situation, modern architecture and appliances, together with its excellent
appointments and experienced management — it being under the direct sui>er-
vision of the managers of the new Hotel Bellevue, Boston — make it a favorite
and popular summer home for a gradually increasing number of guests every
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rHE ALGONQUIN," ST. ANDREWS
In the village are| Kennedy's and other comfortable and well-kept hotels,
and I)oard and rooms can he secured in private residences at from $5 to $10
l)er week ; and furnished or unfurnished cottages can be rented for the season at
The summer population of St. Andrcws-by-the-Sea is singularly free from
the boisterous element that sometimes invades resorts near large centres. It is
not, however, a purely aristocratic gathering, though society is well represented.
The professions and the commercial and financial world have their (juota of
representatives ; in short, it is a selection of people who hnd here the spot
where the highest degree of daily pleasure may be inexpensively ha<l with least
effort. They come from all parts of America, but chiefly from New York,
Boston, Brookline, Mass., Wilmington, Delaware, Montclair, New Jersey,
Washington, Chicago, Montreal, Toronto, Ottawa, London and other Canadian
cities and towns ; and some of them, enamoured of the beauties of the region,
have erected handsome cottages in which they spend their vacation days.
ALONG THE BAR ROAD
Ho^o) to Get There
St. Andiew's-by-the-Sea is easily reached from all directions. From Boston
and New York there is a choice of routes, either by rail or steamer ; and from
Montreal, Toronto and other points west in Canada, by the Canadian Pacific
Short Line from Montreal direct to St. Andrews, with a through sleeping car
from Montreal every Tuesday and Friday night (returning leaving St. Andrews
every Wednesday and Monday).
The rate to St. Andrews-by-the-Sea and return during the summer season
having been made especially low, tickets will be strictly limited to continuous
train passage in each direction, and require to be signed by passenger and
wibiessed by selling agent before they will be good for passage on going
journey^ and must be vised by the agent at St. Andrews before they will
be accepted for passage on return journey. Final limit, October 31st, 1900.
Tickets will be on sale until September 30lh, 1900.
ON THE ST. CROIX
For further information as to rates, routes and reservations in sleeoing
cars, apply to the nearest agent of the Canadian Pacific Railway, or to
A. H. NOTMAN, Asst. Gen Passenger Ag-ent. 1 King St. East, Toronto.
W. F. EGG, City Passenger Agent, 129 St. James St., Montreal.
GEO. DUNCAN, City Passenger Agent, Ottawa. Ont.
W. J. GRANT, Cor, King and James Sts., Hamilton, Ont.
W. FULTON. City Ticket Agent, London, Ont.
A. E. EDMONDS, City Passenger Agent, 7 Fort St. West, Detroit, Mich.
J. FRANCIS LEE, Gen. Agent, Passenger Dept., 228 S. Clark St., Chicago.
W. R. CALLAWAY, Gen. Passenger Agent, Soo Line, Minneapolis, Minn.
W. S. THORN. Asst. Gen. Passenger Agent, Soo Line, St. Paul, Mmn.
E. H. CRE AN, City Ticket Agent, Quebec.
A. J. HEATH, District Passenger Agent, St. John, N.B.
C. E. E. USSHER,
Oeneral Passenger Agent, C.P.R.,
Lines East of Lake Superior,
Passenger Traffic Manager, C. P. R.,
'"St^h. Canadian Pacific
** The New Highway to the Orient ** ** Summer Tours ^
** Quebec^ Summer and Winter ^ ** Fishing and Shooting
** Montreal " ** Climates of Canada *'
** Westward to the Far East *' and ** East to the West "^
Guides to the Principal Cities of Japan and China by
the eastern and western routes.
" Time-Table with Notes '' ** Banff in the Canadian Rockies ^
** Around the World ** ** Across Canada to Australasia **
OST of these publications are handsomely illustrated, and con-
tain much useful information in interesting shape. "Time
Table with Notes " will be found a valuable companion for
all transcontinental travellers. Other pamphlets descriptive
of the Dominion — "Western Canada," " British Columbia, " "Gold
in Kootenay and Cariboo," " Klondike and Lake Atlin Gold Fields,"
" New Ontario Gold Fields," etc. — are also issued by the Company.
Copies may be obtained FREE from Agents of the Company, or will
be mailed to any address on application. The Company have
also published a new map, on the polar projection, showing the
whole of the northern hemisphere, and the Canadian Pacific Rail-
way's Around the World Route in a novel and interesting way,
and another of Canada and the northern half of the United States,
showing the entire system of the Company in detail. These maps will be given
away for public and prominent display. Another useful map is the " Sports-
man's Map of Canada," showing the regions for the different large and small
and feathered game and the principal fishing waters. The Company now have
on sale, in their hotels, principal ticket offices, and on the trains, several series
of handsomely finished views of scenes along .their line of railway. Size : lo by 12
inches, in portfolios suitable for the table (twelve views in each series), Price $1.00 :
and views, 22 by 28 inches, suitable for framing (three views in the set), in mailing
tube. Price $1.00.
by = the = Sea
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